Steven Moxon (stevemoxon3@talktalk.net)
Steve Moxon is an independent (non-affiliated) cross-disciplinary researcher/writer of science


There is no published science paper demonstrating the existence of ‘misogyny’ defined as the general hostile or negative attitude of men towards women. On the contrary, the notion is not just unsupported but contradicted by all pertinent findings. Data on either implicit or explicit ‘gender attitudes’ show consideration towards females by males either substantially greater than they afford other males—philogyny—or, at worst, neutrality; this even in special conditions in which it might be most expected. The failure to find evidence of ‘misogyny’ has been hidden by eliding the notion with the wider one of ‘sexism’, and in the absence of support for ‘hostile sexism’, ‘benevolent sexism’ was hypothesised; but this also has no basis, given the deeply flawed operational definitions of ‘sexism’ employed in studies. Taken together as ‘ambivalent sexism’, the mode in which this supposedly causes harm—stereotyping according to sex (dubbed ‘stereotype threat’)—has been comprehensively debunked. ‘Misogyny’ and ‘sexism’ have become defined circularly and are, therefore, entirely non-scientific notions in being unfalsifiable. However weakly defined, ‘misogyny’ evidently is nothing but ideological invention: a counter-factual, thereby itself an actually (anti-male) ‘hostile sexist’ notion and term that should never be employed in a scientific discourse other than in its investigation as at best a questionable, highly pejorative construct. Indeed, the use of the label should be investigated as an expression of misandry.

Keywords: misogyny, philogyny, misandry, gender attitudes, sexism

Author Biography

Steve Moxon is an independent (non-affiliated) cross-disciplinary researcher/writer of science review papers and books outlining original theory on the biological roots of human sociality and psychology, with a special interest in the sexes, sex difference and dichotomy. Regularly journal-published for the past decade, his topics include dominance hierarchy, pair-bonding, partner violence, competitiveness, stress response mechanism, the origin of the sexual divide, culture as biology ... and most recently, male & female genital modification. Forthcoming are updates on dominance/prestige hierarchy and on the root functions of the sexes. Throughout is a necessary bottom-up approach, excluding all ideology (especially feminism). The latest book, Sex Difference Explained: From DNA To Society – Purging Gene Copy Errors, is the very first to attempt an integrated evolutionary-biology model of human social structure. This follows The Woman Racket: The New Science Explaining How the Sexes Relate at Work, at Play and in Society, a science-cum-polemic. Other publications deal with the origins of (mainly ancient British) mythology, which link with the science work in a concern with what makes people and society tick. An Englishman, Steve lives back where he grew up, opposite Wharncliffe Crags in the steep wooded hills north-west of Sheffield beside the Yorkshire border.

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